The Ogasawara-ryū traditional school of etiquette created in the Muromachi period (1333-1568), related specifically to the practice of archery and horsemanship, and other bugei (military arts). Its code of manners became prescribed behavior in warrior society, and many of these traditions are continued today in kendo clubs around the world.

Makita Minoru, of the International Budō University kendo club, notes how kendo develops character through technique, training, and competition: “The strict forms of etiquette and ceremony before and after tachiai (facing an opponent in combat) in kendo incorporates a discipline that is an essential part of kendo’s attempt to create respect and develop character.”